2ND LT. JAMES T. HOPE – PARK #40

In my opinion, this playfield is one of the loveliest in Detroit.  Situated alongside a neighborhood, the park’s wooded area fronts Burgess Street.  The west side slopes into a large field.  An asphalt trail meanders through the entire park for fitness walkers / runners.  The amenities are a well groomed baseball field, newer playground equipment, picnic shelter and wrought iron park entry.  Hope Park has been well maintained in recent years thanks to the ongoing investment made by the Lear Corporation, various landscapers and Motor City Blight Busters.  It is bordered by Burgess, Lahser, Verne and Puritan.

A lovely slice of forest in this Detroit neighborhood.
A lovely slice of woods in this Detroit neighborhood.

 

In 1940, James Hope had a year of college under his belt.  He had just begun to work and was living with his parents and sisters on Grand Boulevard in Detroit.  He enlisted for service in WWII on October 15, 1940 entering into the Air Corp National Guard.  Hope served with the 414th Night Fighter Squadron, 62nd Fighter Wing. He was a pilot and achieved the rank of 2nd Lieutenant.  

The emblem of the 414th Night Fighter Squadron. Public domain, courtesy US Air Force
The emblem of the 414th Night Fighter Squadron.
Public domain, courtesy US Air Force

 

 

In late August 1944, Hope and his First Officer / Navigator, Carmen Phillippi left on an intruder mission in a Beaufighter VIF VIII around 8:10pm from the island of Sardinia, Italy.  They were scheduled to reach their target outside of Milan at approximately 10:30pm; bomb for 30 minutes and return to Sardinia.  They were 10 minutes late in leaving and this misstep would become their demise.

 

The path of flight on that fatal night in 1945.
The path of flight on that fatal night in 1945.

10 MINUTES LATE

The Beaufighter was a British plane made by the Bristol Company and used by many nations in wartime.  It held a crew of two and had a max speed of 333mph.  The variant model that Hope flew that night had a redesigned nose and improved radar system.  This aircraft was fitted with ten guns and was often referred to as the “Ten Gun Terror”.

The dedication plaque is intact on the flagpole base.
The dedication plaque is intact on the flagpole base. The play field was passed as on ordinance in 1951.

DIED TOGETHER

Hope’s last transmission was overheard by two other aircraft from his squadron and three ground stations – it came through at 10:25pm: “Ghero 34 bailing out, mayday, mayday”.  His manner of speaking was hurried.   Military calculations report Lt. Hope was on his return most likely over the Italian coast when he spoke these final words.  The fighter’s altitude would have been at 7000 feet due to the mountains he needed to cross. 

What is known that both Hope and Phillipi bailed from the plane.  The bail was done in the darkness and with no eyewitness accounts.  The US military concluded the bomber was attacked by antiaircraft fire.  Several US and British air-sea rescue searches were conducted the next morning.  Neither Hope nor Phillipi were found.  Both men are memorialized at the Tablets of the Missing American Cemetery in Florence, Italy.   2nd Lt. James Hope was decorated posthumously with the Purple Heart and the Soldier’s Air Medal.  His lovely memorial playfield in Detroit was dedicated in 1952.

Thanks for reading.  Copyright, 2015. Andrea Gallucci.